Arthritis means joint swelling, but the term is used to describe around 200 ailments that affect joints, the tissues surrounding and connecting the joint. It is a rheumatic disease. The primary symptoms of arthritis are joint injury and stiffness, which typically worsens with age.
There are various types of Arthritis but the most common types found in India are:
1. Ankylosing spondylitis:
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of spondyloarthritis and it affects pain and swelling, mainly around the joints of the spine.
Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis that causes painful swelling in joints. It typically affects the big toe, but it can also affect other joints in the body.
3. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis:
There are different types of JIA. They are auto-immune ailments, and the immune system can cause pain and swelling in joints.
Osteoarthritis begins with the roughening of cartilage.
5. Psoriatic arthritis:
Psoriatic arthritis is an auto-immune condition. It is also a type of spondyloarthritis.
6. Reactive arthritis:
Reactive arthritis is joint pain and swelling triggered by an infection in another part of your body — most often your intestines, genitals, or urinary tract.
7. Rheumatoid arthritis:
Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of inflammatory arthritis. It is what is known as an auto-immune condition.
8. Septic arthritis:
Septic arthritis is a painful infection in a joint that can come from germs that travel through your bloodstream from another part of your body.
9. Thumb arthritis:
Thumb arthritis is common with aging and occurs when cartilage wears away from the ends of the bones that form the joint at the base of your thumb.
What are the symptoms of Arthritis?
Various types of arthritis have various symptoms, which can be mild in some people and very strong in others. Symptoms and signs connected with joint pain can include
- Redness in joint
- Swelling in joints
- Tenderness in joint
- Warm joints
- Joint locks
- Motion loss in joints
- Stiffness in joints